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Company registration in Nevis for £650, Simple Registration of a Company in Nevis Online!

£650.00

NEXT YEAR FROM US$855.00

1
option

This company registration in Nevis package is for customers, who require to set up a company in Nevis with a registered office address. The start-up of a company in Nevis takes 3 days.

The following documents will be sending by post upon the establishment of your company in Nevis:

    • A certificate of incorporation, bound copy of the memorandum and articles of association;
    • The minutes of the first meeting & elegant share certificates;
    • Additional services are available.
£920.00

NEXT YEAR FROM US$1,250

2
option

This company formation in Nevis package is especially for clients, who are requiring registering a company in Nevis with a registered address, registered agent & a nominee director; bank account upon request.

This company establishment in Nevis offer includes everything in the first option, together with the advantages of:

  • The provision of a nominee director; the signed power of attorney;
  • The signed, undated resignation letter from a nominee director of your offshore company;
  • Additional services are available.
£1,115

NEXT YEAR FROM US$1,535

3
option

This is one of the most popular company incorporation in Nevis packages with nominee shareholder, as an additional option to the nominee director, registered agent & registered office address in Nevis.

This company set-up in Nevis offer includes everything in the second option, plus the following:

  • The provision of a nominee shareholder service for one year;
  • The declaration of trust signed by a nominee shareholder;
  • The certificate of the confirmation of a beneficial owner. Bank account is available on request.
£1,225

NEXT YEAR FROM US$1,535

4
option

This is our most comprehensive company set-up in Nevis package with all documents verified by solicitor or notary public & certified by the Apostilled stamp or Apostille seal affixed.

This company incorporation in Nevis offer includes everything in the third option, plus:

  • The certification of all corporate documents, including a power of attorney, by solicitor or notary public & the final verification of all company' documents by an Apostille seal;
  • Additional services are available.

Welcome to Coddan online Nevis International Business Company (NBCO) formation agent. We recommend reviewing this site in its entirety, so that you are knowledgeable of the Nevis jurisdiction and the powers granted to Nevis offshore companies. We will guide you through the process of registering your off-shore company and establishing your registered identity. Complete and submit an NBCO application form. Adequate completion and submission of this form, along with the provision of payment, will enable Coddan to incorporate your proposed company within three business days. We will express mail your corporate documents to the mailing address you specify in your incorporation order. If you want to become familiar with the description and the contents of Nevis companies formation packages, offered by Coddan and to find above, what kind of service is included in this or that Nevisian companies incorporation package, to get an idea about the price of annual renewal of the service, and about the general legal requirements to the company incorporation within Nevis Island, please, select the package you need from the list, situated below the banner. The information in the banner will be renewed according to the package you've chosen.

All IBCs are free from all forms of Nevisian taxation. There are no Nevisian taxes on dividends, income or capital distribution or wages whatsoever. Moreover, unlike many onshore jurisdictions, Nevis does not tax an IBC for accumulated (but undistributed) earnings. The wealth of your IBC can grow continually and will be free from Nevisian tax. At Coddan, we combine this powerful advantage with a powerful option to have a Panamanian Foundation own the shared of the IBC.

There is no need for you to be on Nevis to conduct the affairs of your Nevisian IBC. Banking, contract signing, and investing can all be handled remotely and remain in compliance with Nevisian law. Of course, even Nevis does have minimal requirements for its IBCs to follow. These minimal requirements include having at least a single shareholder, having three directors (unless the IBC has less than three shareholders), having a registered agent and a registered office, and payment of an annual fee - all of which can be administered for you by Coddan. Although not strictly required under Nevisian law, your IBC may conduct periodic meetings even if you elect not to attend.

All of the affairs of a Nevisian IBC are private and cannot be disclosed except under truly extraordinary circumstances. The only document that needs to be filed with the government is the annual corporate license and this contains minimal information. There is no requirement than an annual report or annual financial return be disclosed to the government. Nevis does not require any government inspection of your IBC's financial or business records.

Nevisian law permits the use of nominee shareholders, officers and directors. This means that Coddan can act as a nominee (substitute) director and officer on behalf of IBC's. Thus the true directors, officers and shareholders can remain undisclosed.

Unlike most onshore jurisdictions, Nevis permits an IBC to issue either registered shares or bearer shares or both. While the owner of a registered share is recorded on the books of the company, there is no recording requirement for a bearer share. Whoever has possession of the share is automatically deemed to be the owner absent a strong showing of fraud. A good example of a bearer instrument is cash! If you have it, then it is deemed to belong to you. Possession is at least nine-tenths of the law where bearer instruments are concerned. Thus Nevisian corporate ownership can remain completely anonymous via the use of bearer shares. Bearer shares can be issued to a nominee who assigns them to the owners and ownership is completely private.

Corporate Purposes And Powers

Corporations may be organized under Business Corporation Ordinance for any lawful business purpose or purposes. Subject to any limitations provided in Business Corporation Ordinance or any other law of Nevis or its articles of incorporation, every corporation shall have power in furtherance of its corporate purposes irrespective of corporate benefit and whether or not enumerated in its articles: to have perpetual succession. To sue and be sued in all courts of competent jurisdiction. To have a corporate seal, and to alter such seal at pleasure, and to use it by causing it or a facsimile to be affixed or impressed or reproduced in any other manner. To purchase, receive, take by grant, gift, devise, bequest, or otherwise, lease or otherwise acquire, own, hold, improve, employ, use and otherwise deal in and with, real or personal property, or any interest therein, wherever situated.

To sell, convey, lease, exchange, transfer or otherwise dispose of, or mortgage or pledge, or create a security interest in, all or any of its real or personal property, or any interest therein. To purchase, take, receive, subscribe for, or otherwise acquire, own, hold, vote, employ, sell, lend, lease, exchange, transfer, or otherwise dispose of, mortgage, and pledge, bonds and other obligations, shares, or other securities or interests issued by others, whether engaged in similar or different business, governmental, or other activities. To make contracts, give guarantees and incur liabilities, borrow money at such rates of interest as the corporation may determine, issue its notes, bonds, and other obligations, and secure any of its obligations by mortgage or pledge of all or any of its property or any interest therein, wherever situated, in any currency. To lend money, invest and reinvest its funds, and take and hold real and personal property as security for the payment of funds so loaned or invested, in any currency. To do business, carry on its operations, and have offices and exercise the powers granted by this Part in any jurisdiction within or without Nevis. To elect or appoint officers, managing directors, employees and other agents of the corporation, define their duties; fix their compensation, and the compensation of directors, and to indemnify corporate personnel. To adopt, amend or repeal bylaws relating to the business of the corporation, the conduct of its affairs, its rights or powers or the rights or powers of its shareholders, directors or officers. To make donations for the public welfare or for charitable, educational, scientific, civic or similar purposes. To pay pensions and establish pension plans, pension trusts, profit sharing plans, stock bonus plans, stock option plans and other incentive plans for any or all of its directors, officers, and employees.

To purchase, receive, take, or otherwise acquire, own, hold, sell, lend, exchange, transfer or otherwise dispose of, pledge, use and otherwise deal in and with its own shares. To be a promoter, incorporator, partner, member, associate, or manager of any partnership, corporation, joint venture, trust or other enterprise. To have and exercise all powers necessary or convenient to effect any or all of the purposes for which the corporation is formed. To be recognized and to be domiciled or domesticated within or without Nevis, and to change the situs of said domicile or domestication from time to time.

To protect the assets of the corporation for the benefit of the corporation, its creditors and its members, and at the discretion of the directors, for any person having a direct or in direct interest in the company. A guarantee may be given by a corporation not in furtherance of its corporate purposes, when authorized at a meeting of shareholders by vote of the holders of a majority of all outstanding shares entitled to vote thereon. If authorized by a like vote, such guarantee may be secured by a mortgage or pledge of, or the creation of a security interest in, all or any part of the corporate property, or any interest therein, wherever situated.

No act of a corporation and no transfer of real or personal property to or by a corporation, otherwise lawful, shall be invalid by reason of the fact that the corporation was without capacity or power to do such act or to make or receive such transfer, but such lack of capacity or power may be asserted: in an action by a shareholder against the corporation to enjoin the doing of any act or the transfer of real or personal property by or to the corporation. If the unauthorized act or transfer sought to be enjoined is being, or is to be, performed or made under any contract to which the corporation is a party, the court may, if all of the parties to the contract are parties to the action and if it deems the same to be equitable, set aside and enjoin the performance of such contract, and in so doing may allow to the corporation or to the other parties to the contract, as the case may be, such compensation as may be equitable for the loss or damage sustained by any of them from the action of the court in setting aside and enjoining the performance of such contract; provided that anticipated profits to be derived from the performance of the contract shall not be awarded by the court as a loss or damage sustained.

In an action by the corporation, whether acting directly or through a receiver, trustee, or other legal representative, or through shareholders in a derivative suit against the incumbent or former officers or directors of the corporation for loss or damage due to their unauthorized act; and in a proceeding by the High Court to dissolve the corporation, or to enjoin it from the doing of unauthorized business. A corporation shall be a legal entity considered in law a fictional person with separate rights and liabilities, distinct from its shareholders or members. The corporation shall be a proper plaintiff in a suit to assert a legal right of the corporation and a proper defendant in a suit to assert a legal right against the corporation; and the naming of a shareholder, member, director, officer or employee of the corporation as a party to a suit in Nevis or elsewhere to represent the corporation is subject to a motion to dismiss if such party is the sole party to sue or defend, or subject to a motion for misjoinder if such party is joined with another party who is a proper party and has been joined only to represent the corporation. Unless otherwise provided by law, the directors, officers, employees and shareholders of a corporation shall not be liable for corporate debts and obligations.

Service Of Process; Registered Agent

A corporation subject to Business Corporation Ordinance shall at all times have a registered agent in St. Christopher and Nevis. A corporation, which fails to maintain a registered agent in St. Christopher and Nevis, shall be in contravention of Business Corporation Ordinance. Service of process on a registered agent may be made by registered mail addressed to the registered agent or in any other manner provided by law for the service of summons as if the registered agent were a defendant. Any registered agent of a corporation may resign as such agent upon filing a written notice thereof, executed in duplicate, with the Registrar of Companies, who shall cause a copy thereof to be sent by registered mail to the corporation at the address of the office of the corporation or, if none, at the last known address of a person at whose request the corporation was formed. No designation of a new registered agent shall be accepted for filing unless all charges owing to the former agent shall have been paid.

A designation of a registered agent under this section may be made, revoked, or changed by filing an appropriate notification with the Registrar of Companies. The designation of a registered agent shall terminate upon the expiration of thirty days written notice of resignation directed to the corporation and the filing of a copy of said notice of resignation with the Registrar of Companies; or sooner if a successor agent is designated. A registered agent, when served with process, notice or demand for the corporation which he represents, shall transmit the same to the corporation by personal notification or in the following manner: Upon receipt of the process, notice or demand, the registered agent shall cause a copy of such paper to be mailed to the corporation named therein at its last known address. Such mailing shall be by registered mail. As soon thereafter as possible if process was issued in Nevis, the registered agent may file with the clerk of the court issuing the process either the receipt of such registered mailing or an affidavit stating that such mailing has been made, signed by the registered agent, or if the agent is a corporation, by an officer of the same, properly notarized. Compliance with the provisions of this section shall relieve the registered agent from any further obligation to the corporation for service of the process, notice or demand, but the agent's failure to comply with the provisions of this section shall in no way affect the validity of the service of the process, notice or demand.

Whenever a corporation subject to Business Corporation Ordinance fails to maintain an authorized agent in Nevis, or whenever said registered agent cannot with reasonable diligence be found at his business address, then the Registrar of Companies or his appointee shall be an agent of such corporation upon whom any process or notice or demand required or permitted by law to be served may be served.

Service on the Registrar of Companies or his appointee as agent of a corporation shall be made by personally delivering to and leaving with him or his deputy or with any person authorized by the Registrar of Companies to receive such service, at the office of the Registrar of Companies, duplicate copies of such process together with the statutory fee. The Registrar of Companies or his appointee shall promptly send one of such copies by registered mail, return receipt requested, to such corporation at the business address of its registered agent, or if there is no such office, then the Registrar of Companies or his appointee shall mail such copy in care of any director named in the articles of incorporation at his address stated therein or at the address of the corporation without Nevis, or if none, at the last known address of a person at whose request the corporation was formed or in any other manner permitted by Law.

Articles Of Incorporation

The articles of incorporation shall set forth: the name of the corporation; a statement that the corporation is formed under Business Corporation Ordinance; the succession of the corporation if other than perpetual; the purpose or purposes for which the corporation is organized. It shall be sufficient to state, either alone or with other businesses or purposes, that the purpose of the corporation is to engage in any lawful act or activity for which corporations may be organized under Business Corporation Ordinance, and by such statement all lawful acts and activities shall be within the purposes of the corporation, except for express limitations, if any. The address of the corporation in Nevis, which shall be the address of its registered agent. The aggregate number of shares which the corporation shall have authority to issue; if such shares are to consist of one class only, the par value of each of such shares, or a statement that all of such shares are without par value; or if such shares are to be divided into classes, the number of shares of each class, and a statement of the par value of the shares of each class or that such shares are to be without par value.

If the shares are to be divided into classes, the designation of each class and a statement of the preferences, limitations, and relative rights in respect of the shares of each class. The number of shares to be issued as registered shares and as bearer shares and whether registered shares may be exchanged for bearer shares and bearer shares for registered shares. If bearer shares are authorized to be issued, appropriate procedural provisions respecting the rights and obligations of bearer shareholders including those relating to notice of meetings or other action, payment of dividends and, qualification for voting; or, a statement that the provisions required by (i) above shall be set forth in the bylaws. If the corporation is to issue the shares of any preferred or special class in series, then the designation of each series and a statement of the variations in the relative rights and preferences as between series insofar as the same are to be fixed in the articles of incorporation, and a statement of any authority to be vested in the board of directors to establish series and fix and determine the variations in the relative rights and preferences as between series.

If the initial directors are to be named in the articles of incorporation, the names and addresses of the persons who are to serve as directors until the first annual meeting of the shareholders or until their successors shall be elected and qualify.

The name and address of each incorporator. Any provision, not inconsistent with law, which the incorporators elect to set forth in the articles of incorporation for the regulation of the affairs of the corporation, including the designation of initial directors, subscription of stock by the incorporators, and any provision restricting the transfer of shares or providing for greater quorum or voting requirements with respect to shareholders or directors than are otherwise prescribed in Business Corporation Ordinance, and any provision which under Business Corporation Ordinance is required or permitted to be set forth in the bylaws.

The articles of incorporation may confer upon the holders of any bonds, debentures, or other obligations issued rights of or to be issued by the corporation, whether secured by mortgage or otherwise or unsecured, any one or more of the following powers and rights: the power to vote on the election of directors, or other matters specified in the articles; the right of inspection of books of account, minutes, and other corporate records; any other rights to information concerning the financial condition of the corporation which its shareholders have or may have.

Articles of incorporation shall be signed and acknowledged by each incorporator and filed with the Registrar of Companies in conformity with the provisions of Part I of Business Corporation Ordinance. Within a reasonable time after the filing of the articles of incorporation, an organization meeting shall be held either within or without Nevis. The said organization meeting shall be held, in person or by proxy, by the initial directors named in the articles of incorporation or by the incorporator or incorporators or their transferees. The purpose of the meeting shall be to adopt bylaws, transact such business as may come before the meeting, do such acts to perfect the organization of the corporation as are deemed appropriate and, if the initial directors are not named in the articles of incorporation, elect directors to serve or hold office until the first annual meeting of shareholders or until their successors are elected and qualify. If the articles of incorporation state that the incorporators have subscribed for stock, such subscriptions may be transferred prior to the organization meeting of directors and such transferees may hold the organization meeting of incorporators. Any action permitted to be taken at the organization meeting may be taken without a meeting if each incorporator, transferee or director signs an instrument setting forth the action so taken.

Directors And Management

To limitations of the articles of incorporation and of Business Corporation Ordinance as to action which shall be authorized or approved by the shareholders, all corporate powers shall be exercised by or under authority of, and the business and affairs of every corporation shall be managed by, a board of directors.

The directors may cause the corporation to transfer any of its assets in trust to one or more trustees, to any company, association, partnership, foundation or similar entity, and with respect to the transfer, the directors may provide that the company, its creditors, its members or any person having direct or indirect interest in the corporation, or any of them, may be the beneficiaries, creditors, members, certificate holders, partners or holders of any other similar interest.

The rights or interest of any existing or subsequent creditor of the corporation in any assets of the corporation are not affected by any transfer, and those rights or interests may be pleaded against any transferee in any such transfer.

The articles of incorporation may prescribe special qualifications for directors. Unless otherwise provided in the articles of incorporation, directors may be natural persons, or corporations, of any nationality and need not be residents of Nevis or shareholders of the corporation. Alternate or substitute directors may be appointed provided that the terms and conditions under which such appointments shall be made are set forth in the articles of incorporation or bylaws.

The number of directors constituting the entire board shall not be less than three, except that where all the shares of a corporation are held by fewer than three shareholders, the number of directors may be fewer than three but not fewer than the number of shareholders. Subject to such limitations, such number may be fixed by the bylaws, by the shareholders, or by action of the board under the specific provisions of a bylaw. If not otherwise fixed under this section, the number shall be three.

The number of directors may be increased or decreased by amendment of the bylaws, by the shareholders, or by action of the board under the specific provisions of a bylaw, subject to the following limitations: if the board is authorized by the bylaws to change the number of directors, whether by amending the bylaws or by taking action under the specific provisions of a bylaw, such amendment or action shall require the vote of a majority of the entire board; and no decrease shall shorten the term of any incumbent director.

At each annual meeting of shareholders, directors shall be elected to hold office until the next annual meeting except as otherwise provided in Business Corporation Ordinance or in the articles of incorporation. The articles of incorporation may provide for the election of one or more directors by the holders of the shares of any class or series. Each director shall hold office until the expiration of the term for which he is elected, and until his successor has been elected and qualified.

The articles of incorporation or the specific provisions of a bylaw adopted by the shareholders may provide that the directors be divided into either two, three or four classes. All classes shall be as nearly equal in number as possible, and no class shall include fewer than three directors. The terms of office of the directors initially classified shall be as follows: that of the first class shall expire at the next annual meeting of shareholders, the second class at the second succeeding annual meeting, the third class, if any, at the third succeeding annual meeting, and the fourth class, if any, at the fourth succeeding annual meeting.

At each annual meeting after such initial classification, directors to replace those whose terms expire at such annual meeting shall be elected to hold office until the second succeeding annual meeting if there are two classes, the third succeeding annual meeting if there are three classes, or the fourth succeeding annual meeting if there are four classes.

If directors are classified and the number of directors is thereafter changed: any newly created directorships or any decrease in directorships shall be so apportioned among the classes as to make all classes as nearly equal in number as possible; and when the number of directors is increased by the board and any newly created directorships are filled by the board, there shall be no classification of the additional directors until the next annual meeting of shareholders.

Newly created directorships resulting from an increase in the number of directors and vacancies occurring in the board for any reason except the removal of directors without cause may be filled by vote of a majority of the directors then in office, although less than a quorum exists, unless the articles of incorporation or the bylaws provide that such newly created directorships or vacancies shall be filled by vote of the shareholders. Unless the articles of incorporation or the specific provisions of a bylaw adopted by the shareholders provide that the board shall fill vacancies occurring in the board by reason of the removal of directors without cause, such vacancies may be filled only by vote of the shareholders. A director elected to fill a vacancy shall be elected to hold office for the unexpired term of his predecessor.

Any or an of the directors may be removed for cause by vote of the shareholders. The articles of incorporation or the specific provisions of a bylaw may provide for such removal by action of the board, except in the case of any director elected by cumulative voting, or by the holders of the shares of any class or series when so entitled, or by provisions of the articles of incorporation. If the articles of incorporation or the bylaws so provide, any or all of the directors may be removed without cause by vote of the shareholders.

The removal of directors, with or without cause, as provided in subsections (l) and (2) is subject to the following: in the case of a corporation having cumulative voting, no director may be removed when the votes cast against his removal would be sufficient to elect him if voted cumulatively at an election at which the same total number of votes were cast and the entire board, or the entire class of directors of which he is a member, were then being elected; and when by the provisions of the articles of incorporation the holders of the shares of any class or series, or holders of bonds, voting as a class, are entitled to elect one or more directors, any director so elected may be removed only by the applicable vote of the holders of the shares of that class or series, or the holders of such bonds, voting as a class.

Unless a greater proportion is required by the articles of incorporation, a majority of the entire board present, in person or by proxy, at a meeting duly assembled, shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business or of any specified item of business, except that the articles of incorporation or the bylaws shall not require unanimity and may fix the quorum at less than a majority of the entire board but not less than one third thereof.

The vote of the majority of the directors present in person or by proxy at a meeting at which a quorum is present shall be the act of the board unless the articles of incorporation require the vote of a greater number.

A proxy shall be given in an instrument in writing including a telegram, cable, telex or similar teletransmission. Unless otherwise restricted by the articles of incorporation or bylaws, any action required or permitted to be taken at any meeting of the board of directors or of any committee thereof may be taken without a meeting if all members of the board or committee, as the case may be, consent thereto in writing and the writing or writings are filed with the minutes of the proceedings of the board or committee.

Unless restricted by the articles of incorporation or bylaws, members of the board or any committee thereof may participate in a meeting of such board or committee by means of conference telephone, video, or similar communication equipment by means of which all persons participating in the meeting can hear each other, and participation in a meeting pursuant to this section shall constitute presence in person at such meeting.

The articles of incorporation may contain provisions specifying either or both of the following: that the proportion of directors that shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business or of any specified item of business shall be greater than the proportion prescribed in the absence of such provision but less than the total number of directors; and that the proportion of votes of directors that shall be necessary for the transaction of business or of any specified item of business shall be greater than the proportion in the absence of such provision but less than the total number of directors.

An amendment of the articles of incorporation which adds a provision permitted or which changes or strikes out such a provision, shall be authorized at a meeting of shareholders by vote of the holders of two thirds of all outstanding shares entitled to vote thereon, or of such greater proportion of shares, or class or series of shares, as may be provided specifically in the articles of incorporation for adding, changing, or striking out a provision permitted.

Meetings of the board, regular or special, may be held at any place within or without Nevis, unless otherwise provided by the articles of incorporation or by the bylaws. The time and place for holding meetings of the board may be fixed by or under the bylaws, or if not so fixed, by the board.

Unless otherwise provided by the bylaws, regular meetings of the board may be held without notice if the time and place of such meetings are fixed by the bylaws or the board. Special meetings of the board may be called in the manner provided in the bylaws and shall be held upon notice to the directors. The bylaws may prescribe what shall constitute notice of meeting of the board. A notice or waiver of notice need not specify the purpose of any regular or special meeting of the board, unless required by the bylaws.

Notice of a meeting need not be given to any director who submits a signed waiver of notice whether before or after the meeting, or who attends the meeting without protesting the lack of notice. If the articles of incorporation or the bylaws so provide, the board, by resolution adopted by a majority vote of the entire board, may designate from among its members an executive committee and other committees, each of which to the extent provided in the resolution or in the articles of incorporation or bylaws of the corporation, shall have and may exercise all the authority of the board of directors, but no such committee shall have the authority as to the following matters: the submission to shareholders of any action that requires shareholders' authorization under Business Corporation Ordinance; the filling of vacancies in the board of directors or in a committee; the fixing of compensation of the directors for serving on the board or on any committee; the amendment or repeal of the bylaws, or the adoption of new bylaws; and the amendment or repeal of any resolution of the board which by its terms shall not be so amendable or repeatable.

Each such committee shall serve at the pleasure of the board. The designation of any such committee and the delegation thereto of authority shall not alone relieve any director of his duty to the corporation. No contract or other transaction between a corporation and one or more of its directors, or between a corporation and any other corporation, firm, association or other entity in which one or more of its directors are directors or officers who have a substantial financial interest, shall be either void or voidable for this reason alone or by reason alone that such director or directors are present at the meeting of the board, or of a committee thereof, which approves such contract or transaction, or that his or their votes are counted for such purpose: if the material facts as to such director's interest in such contract or transaction and as to any such common directorship, officership or financial interest are disclosed in good faith or known to the board or committee, and the board or committee approves such contract or transaction by a vote sufficient for such purpose without counting the vote of such interested director or, if the votes of the disinterested directors are insufficient to constitute an act of the board, by unanimous vote of the disinterested directors; or if the material facts as to such director's interest in such contract or transaction and as to any such common directorship, officership or financial interest are disclosed in good faith or known to the shareholders entitled to vote thereon, and such contract or transaction is approved by vote of such shareholders.

Common or interested directors may be counted in determining the presence of a quorum at a meeting of the board or of a committee which approves such contract or transaction. The articles of incorporation may contain additional restrictions on contracts or transactions between a corporation and its directors and may provide that contracts or transactions in violation of such restrictions shall be void or voidable by the corporation. Unless otherwise provided in the articles of incorporation or the bylaws, the board shall have authority to fix the compensation of directors for service in any capacity.

A loan shall not be made by a corporation to any director unless it is authorized by vote of the shareholders. For this purpose, the shares of the director to whom the loan is to be made shall not be shares entitled to vote. A loan made in violation of this section shall be a violation of the duty to the corporation of the directors approving it, but the obligation of the borrower with respect to the loan shall not be affected thereby.

A corporation shall have power to indemnify any person who was or is a party or is threatened to be made a party to any threatened, pending or completed action, suit or proceeding whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative (other than an action by or in the right of the corporation) by reason of the fact that he is or was a director or officer of the corporation, or is or was serving at the request of the corporation as a director or officer of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, against expenses (including attorneys' fees), judgments, fines and amounts paid in settlement actually and reasonably incurred by him in connection with such action, suit or proceeding if he acted in good faith and in a manner he reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interest of the corporation, and, with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, had no reasonable cause to believe his conduct was unlawful. The termination of any action, suit or proceeding by judgment, order, settlement, conviction, or upon a plea of no contest, or its equivalent, shall not, of itself, create a presumption that the person did not act in good faith and in a manner which he reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the corporation, and, with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, had reasonable cause to believe that his conduct was unlawful.

A corporation shall have power to indemnify any person who was or is a party or is threatened to be made a party to any threatened, pending or completed action or suit by or in the right of the corporation to procure a judgment in its favor by reason of the fact that he is or was a director or officer of the corporation, or is or was serving at the request of the corporation as a director or officer of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or the enterprise against expenses (including attorneys' fees) actually and reasonably incurred by him or in connection with the defense or settlement of such action or suit if he acted in good faith and in a manner he reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the corporation and except that no indemnification shall be made in respect of any claim, issue or matter as to which such person shall have been adjudged to be liable for negligence or misconduct in the performance of his duty to the corporation unless and only to the extent that the court in which such action or suit was brought shall determine upon application that, despite the adjudication of liability but in view of all the circumstances of the case, such person is fairly and reasonably entitled to indemnity for such expenses which the court shall deem proper.

To the extent that a director or officer of a corporation has been successful on the merits or otherwise in defense of any action, suit or in the defense of a claim, issue or matter therein, he shall be indemnified against expenses (including attorneys' fees) actually and reasonably incurred by him in connection therewith.

Expenses incurred in defending a civil or criminal action, suit or proceeding may be paid in advance of the final disposition of such action, suit or proceeding as authorized by the board of directors in the specific case upon receipt of an undertaking by or on behalf of the director or officer to repay such amount unless it shall ultimately be determined that he is entitled to be indemnified by the corporation as authorized in this action.

A corporation shall have power to purchase and maintain insurance on behalf of any person who is or was a director or officer of the corporation or is or was serving at the request of the corporation as a director or officer against any liability asserted against him and incurred by him in such capacity whether or not the corporation would have the power to indemnify him against such liability under the provisions of this section.

Directors and officers shall discharge the duties of their respective positions in good faith and with that degree of diligence, care and skill which ordinarily prudent men officers. would exercise under similar circumstances in like positions. In discharging their duties, directors and officers, when acting in good faith, may rely upon financial statements of the corporation represented to them to be correct by the president, managing director or the officer of the corporation having charge of its books or accounts, or stated in a written report by an independent public or certified public accountant or firm of such accountants fairly to reflect the financial condition of such corporation.

Every corporation shall have a president and treasurer, or a managing director, and a secretary, who shall each be appointed by the board or in the manner directed by the articles of incorporation or the bylaws. Such other officers shall be appointed as are required by the articles or the bylaws or as the board may determine are desirable or necessary to carry on the business of the corporation. All officers shall be natural persons except the secretary which may be a corporation. The articles of incorporation may provide that all officers or that specified officers shall be elected by the shareholders instead of by the board.

Unless otherwise provided in the articles of incorporation bylaws, all officers shall be elected or appointed to hold office until the meeting of the board following the next annual meeting of shareholders, or in the case of officers elected by the shareholders, until the next annual meeting of the shareholders. Each officer shall hold office for the term for which he is elected or appointed, and until his successor has been elected or appointed and qualified. Any two or more offices may be held by the same person unless the articles of incorporation or bylaws otherwise provide. The board may require any officer to give security for the faithful performance of his duties.

Shareholders

Meetings of shareholders may be held at such place, either within or without Nevis, as may be designated in the bylaws. An annual meeting of shareholders shall be held for the election of directors on a date and at a time designated by or in the manner provided in the bylaws. Any other proper business may be transacted at the annual meeting.

A failure to hold the annual meeting at the designated time or to elect a sufficient number of directors to conduct the business of the corporation shall not affect otherwise valid corporate acts or cause a dissolution of the corporation except as may be otherwise specifically provided in Business Corporation Ordinance. If the annual meeting for election of directors is not held on the date designated therefor, the directors shall cause the meeting to be held as soon thereafter as convenient. If there is a failure to hold the annual meeting for a period of ninety days after the date designated therefor, or if no date has been designated for a period of thirteen months after the organization of the corporation or after its last annual meeting, holders of not less than ten percent of the shares entitled to vote in an election of directors may, in writing, demand the call of a special meeting specifying the time thereof, which shall not be less than two nor more than three months from the date of such call. The secretary of the corporation upon receiving the written demand shall promptly give notice of such meeting, or if he fails to do so within five business days thereafter, any shareholder signing such demand may give such notice. Special meetings of the shareholders may be called by the board of directors or by such person or persons as may be authorized by the articles of incorporation or by the bylaws. The articles of incorporation or the bylaws may provide that elections of directors shall be by written ballot.

Whenever under the provisions of Business Corporation Ordinance shareholders are required or permitted to take any action at a meeting, written notice to them shall state the place, date and hour of the meeting and, unless it is the annual meeting, indicate that it is being issued by or at the direction of the person or persons calling the meeting. Notice of special meeting shall also state the purpose for which the meeting is called.

A copy of the notice of any meeting shall be given personally or sent by mail, telegraph, cablegram, telex or teleprinter or other written teletransmission not less than fifteen nor more than sixty days before the date of the meeting, to each registered shareholder entitled to vote at such meeting. If mailed, such notice is given when deposited in the mail directed to the shareholder at his address as it appears on the record of shareholders, or, if he shall have filed with the secretary of the corporation a written request that notices to him be mailed to some other address, then directed to him at such address.

Notice of any meeting shall be given to shareholders of bearer shares in accordance with the provisions of the articles of incorporation, or the bylaws, or Business Corporation Ordinance. The notice shall include a statement of the conditions under which shareholders may attend the meeting and exercise the right to vote.

When a meeting is adjourned to another time or place, it shall not be necessary, unless the meeting was adjourned for lack of a quorum or unless the bylaws require otherwise, to give any notice of the adjourned meeting if the time and place to which the meeting is adjourned are announced at the meeting at which the adjournment is taken. At the adjourned meeting, any business may be transacted that might have been transacted on the original date of the meeting. However, if after the adjournment the board fixes a new record date for the adjourned meeting, a notice of the adjourned meeting shall be given to each shareholder on the new record date entitled to notice.

Notice of a meeting need not be given to any shareholder who submits a signed waiver of notice, in person or by proxy, whether before or after the meeting. The attendance of any shareholder at a meeting, in person or by proxy, without protest, the lack of notice of such meeting prior to the conclusion of the meeting shall constitute a waiver of notice by him.

Any action required by Business Corporation Ordinance to be taken at a meeting of shareholders of a corporation, or any action which may be taken at a meeting of the shareholders, may be taken without a meeting if a consent in writing, setting forth the action so taken, is signed by all the shareholders entitled to vote with respect to the subject matter thereof. Such consent shall have the same effect as a unanimous vote of shareholders, and may be stated as such in any articles or documents filed with the Registrar of Companies under Business Corporation Ordinance.

For the purpose of determining the shareholders entitled to notice of or to vote at any meeting of shareholders or any adjournment thereof, or to express consent to or dissent from any proposal without a meeting, or for the purpose of determining shareholders entitled to receive payment of any dividend or the allotment of any rights, or for the purpose of any other action, the bylaws may provide for fixing, or in the absence of such provision, the board may fix, in advance a date as the record date for any such determination of shareholders. Such date shall not be more that sixty nor less than fifteen days before the date of such meeting, nor more than sixty days prior to any other action.

Every shareholder entitled to vote at a meeting of shareholders or to express consent or dissent without a meeting may authorize another person to act for him by proxy. The shareholder or his attorney in fact must sign every proxy. No proxy shall be valid after the expiration of eleven months from the date thereof unless otherwise provided in the proxy. Every proxy shall be revocable at the pleasure of the shareholder executing it, except as otherwise provided in this section. The authority of the holder of a proxy to act shall not be revoked by the incompetence or death of the shareholder who executed the proxy unless, before the authority is exercised, written notice of adjudication of such incompetence or of such death is received by the corporate officer responsible for maintaining the list of shareholders. Except when other provisions shall have been made by written agreement between the parties, the record holder of shares which are held by a pledgee as security or which belong to another, upon demand therefor and payment of necessary expenses thereof, shall issue to the pledgee or to such owner of such shares a proxy to vote or take other action thereon. A proxy which is entitled "irrevocable proxy" and which states that it is irrevocable, is irrevocable if and as long as it is coupled with an interest sufficient to support an irrevocable power, including when it is held by any of the following or a nominee of any of the following: a pledgee; a person who has purchased or agreed to purchase the shares; a creditor of the corporation who extends or continues credit to the corporation in consideration of the proxy if the proxy states that it was given in consideration of such extension or continuation of credit, the amount thereof, and the name of the person extending or continuing credit; and a person who has contracted to perform service as an officer of the corporation, if a proxy is required by the contract of employment, if the proxy states that it was given in consideration of such contract of employment, the name of the employee and the period of employment contracted for.

A proxy may be revoked, notwithstanding a provision making it irrevocable, by a purchaser of shares without knowledge of the existence of the provision unless the existence of the proxy and its irrevocability is noted conspicuously on the face or back of the certificate representing such shares. Unless otherwise provided in the articles of incorporation, a majority of shares entitled to vote, represented in person or by proxy, shall constitute a quorum at a meeting of shareholders, but in no event shall a quorum consist of fewer than one third of the shares entitled to vote at a meeting. When a quorum is once present to organize a meeting, it is not broken by the subsequent withdrawal of any shareholders. The shareholders present may adjourn the meeting despite the absence of a quorum. Directors shall, except as otherwise required by Business Corporation Ordinance or by the articles of incorporation as permitted by Business Corporation Ordinance, be elected by a plurality of the votes cast at a meeting of shareholders by the holders of shares entitled to vote in the election.

The articles of incorporation of any corporation may provide that in all elections of directors of such corporation each shareholder shall be entitled to as many votes as shall equal the number of votes which, except for such provisions as to cumulative voting, he would be entitled to cast for the election of directors with respect to his shares multiplied by the number of directors to be elected, and that he may cast all of such votes for a single director or may distribute them among the number to be voted for, or any two or more of them, as he may see fit. This right, when exercised, shall be termed cumulative voting. Whenever any corporate action, other than the election of directors, is to be taken under Business Corporation Ordinance by vote of the shareholders, it shall, except as otherwise required by Business Corporation Ordinance or by the articles of incorporation as permitted by Business Corporation Ordinance, be authorized by a majority of the votes cast at a meeting of shareholders by the holders of shares entitled to vote thereon.

The articles of incorporation may contain a provision specifying either or both of the following: that the proportion of shares, or the proportion of shares of any class or series thereof, the holders of which shall be present in person or by proxy at any meeting of shareholders in order to constitute a quorum for the transaction of any business or of any specified item of business, including amendments to the articles of incorporation, shall be greater than the proportion prescribed by Business Corporation Ordinance in the absence of such provision; and that the proportion of votes of the holders of shares, or of the holders of shares of any class or series thereof, that shall be necessary at any meeting of shareholders for the transaction of any business or of any specified item of business, including amendments to the articles of incorporation, shall be greater than the proportion prescribed by Business Corporation Ordinance in the absence of such provision.

An amendment of the articles of incorporation which adds a provision permitted by this section or which changes or strikes out such a provision, shall be authorized at a meeting of shareholders by vote of the holders of two thirds of all outstanding shares entitled to vote thereon, or of such greater proportion of shares, or class or series of shares, as may be provided specifically in the articles of incorporation for adding, changing, or striking out a provision permitted by this section.

If the articles of incorporation of any corporation contain a provision authorized by this section, the existence of such provision shall be noted on the face or back of every certificate for shares issued by such corporation. A list of registered shareholders as of the record date, and of holders of bearer shares who as of the record date have qualified for voting, certified by the corporate officer responsible for its preparation or by a transfer agent, shall be produced at any meeting of shareholders upon request of any shareholder at the meeting or prior thereto. If the right to vote at any meeting is challenged, the inspector of election, or person presiding thereat, shall require such list of shareholders to be produced as evidence of the right of the persons challenged to vote at such meeting, and all persons who appear from such list to be shareholders entitled to vote thereat may vote at such meeting.

Every registered shareholder as of the record date and every holder of bearer shares who, as of the record date, has qualified for voting, shall be entitled at every meeting of shareholders to one vote for every share standing in his name, unless otherwise provided in the articles of incorporation. Treasury shares are not shares entitled to vote or to be counted in determining the total number of outstanding shares. Shares of a parent corporation held by a subsidiary corporation are not shares entitled to vote or to be counted in determining the total number of outstanding shares. Shares held by an administrator, executor, guardian, conservator, committee, or other fiduciary, except a trustee, may be voted by him, either in person or by proxy, without transfer of such shares into his name. Shares held by a trustee may be voted by him, either in person or by proxy, only after the shares have been transferred into his name as trustee or into the name of his nominee.

Shares by or under the control of a receiver may be voted by him without the transfer thereof into his name if authority so to do is contained in an order of the court by which such receiver was appointed. A shareholder whose shares are pledged shall be entitled to vote such shares until the shares have been transferred into the name of the pledgee, or a nominee of the pledgee. Unless otherwise provided in, and subject to, a written agreement or the bylaws or articles of incorporation, a bearer shareholder whose shares are pledged shall be entitled to vote such shares until they are delivered to the pledgee, or a nominee of the pledgee. Shares in the name of another corporation of any type or kind may be voted by such officer, agent or proxy as the bylaws of such other corporation may provide, or, in the absence of such provision, as the board of such other corporation may determine.

The articles of incorporation may provide either absolutely or conditionally, that the holder of any designated class or series of shares shall not be entitled to vote, or it may otherwise limit or define the respective voting powers of the several classes or series of shares, and, except as otherwise provided in Business Corporation Ordinance, such provisions of such articles shall prevail, according to their tenor in all elections and in all proceedings, over the provisions of Business Corporation Ordinance which authorize any action by the shareholders.

Any shareholder, under an agreement in writing, may transfer his shares to a voting trustee for the purpose of conferring the right to vote thereon for a period not exceeding ten years upon the terms and conditions stated therein. The certificates for shares so transferred shall be surrendered and cancelled and new certificates therefor issued to such trustee stating that they are issued under such agreement, and in the entry of such ownership in the record of the corporation that fact shall also be noted, and such trustee may vote the shares so transferred during the term of such agreement. At the termination of the agreement, the shares surrendered shall be reissued to the owner in accordance with the terms of the trust agreement.

The trustee shall keep available for inspection by holders of voting trust certificates at his office or at a place designated in such agreement or of which the holders of voting trust certificates have been notified in writing, correct and complete books and records of account relating to the trust, and a record containing the names and addresses of all persons who are holders of voting trust certificates and the number and class of shares represented by the certificates held by them and the dates when they became the owners thereof. The record may be in written form or any other form capable of being converted into written form within a reasonable time.

A duplicate of every such agreement shall be filed in the office of the corporation and it and the record of voting trust certificate holders shall be subject to the same right of inspection by a shareholder of record or a holder of a voting trust certificate, in person or by agent or attorney, as are the records of the corporation. At any time within six months before the expiration of such voting trust agreement as originally fixed or as extended one or more times under this section, one or more holders of voting trust certificates may, by agreement in writing, extend the duration of such voting trust agreement, nominating the same or a substitute trustee, for an additional period not exceeding ten years. Such extension agreement shall not affect the rights or obligations of persons not parties thereto and shall in every respect comply with and be subject to all provisions of this Part applicable to the original voting trust agreement.

An agreement between two or more shareholders, if in writing and signed by the parties thereto, may provide that in exercising any voting rights, the shares held by them shall be voted as therein provided, or as they may agree, or as determined in accordance with a procedure agreed upon by them. Unless otherwise provided in the bylaws, the board, in advance of any shareholders' meeting, may appoint one or more inspectors to act at the meeting or any adjournment thereof. If inspectors are not so appointed, the person presiding at a shareholders' meeting may, and on the request of any shareholder entitled to vote thereat shall, appoint one or more inspectors. In case any person appointed fails to appear or act, the vacancy may be filled by appointment made by the board in advance of the meeting or at the meeting by the person presiding thereat. Each inspector, before entering upon the discharge of his duties, shall take an oath faithfully to execute the duties of inspector at such meetings. Unless otherwise provided in the bylaws, the inspectors shall determine the number of shares outstanding and the voting power of each, the shares represented at the meeting, the existence of a quorum, the validity and effect of proxies, and shall receive votes, ballots, or consents, hear and determine all challenges and questions arising in connection with the right to vote, count and tabulate all votes, ballots or consents, determine the results, and do such acts as are proper to conduct the election or vote with fairness to all shareholders entitled to vote. Unless waived by vote of the shareholders, the inspectors shall make a report in writing of any challenge, question or matter determined by them and execute a sworn certificate of any fact found by them. Any report or certificates made by them shall be prima facie evidence of the facts stated and of the vote as certified by them.

Except as otherwise provided in the articles of incorporation or in this section, in the event of: the proposed issuance by the corporation of shares, whether or not of the same class as those previously held, which would adversely affect the voting rights or rights to current and liquidating dividends of such holders; the proposed issuance by the corporation of securities convertible into or carrying an option to purchase shares; or the granting by the corporation of any options or rights to purchase shares or securities, the holders of shares of any class shall have the right, during a reasonable time and on reasonable terms to be determined by the board, to purchase such shares or other securities, as nearly as practicable, in such proportion as would, if such preemptive right were exercised, preserve the relative rights to current and liquidating dividends and voting rights of such holders and at a price or prices no less favorable than the price at which such shares, securities, options or rights are to be offered to other holders. The holders of shares entitled to the preemptive right, and the number of shares for which they have a preemptive right, shall be determined by fixing a record date.

Except as otherwise provided in the articles of incorporation, shareholders shall have no preemptive right to purchase: shares or other securities issued to effect a merger or consolidation; shares or other securities issued or optioned to directors, officers, or employees of the corporation as an incentive to service or continued service with the corporation pursuant to an authorization given by the shareholders, and by the vote of the holders of the shares entitled to exercise preemptive rights with respect to such shares; shares issued to satisfy conversion or option rights previously granted by the corporation; treasury shares; or shares or securities which are part of the shares or securities of the corporation authorized in the original articles of incorporation and are issued, sold or optioned within two years from the date of filing such articles.

The holders of shares entitled to the preemptive right shall be given prompt notice setting forth the period within which and the terms and conditions upon which such shareholders may exercise their preemptive right. Such notice shall be given personally or by mail at least fifteen days prior to the expiration of the period during which the right may be exercised.

An action may be brought in the right of a corporation to procure a judgment in its favor, by a holder of shares or holder of voting trust certificates of the corporation or holder of a beneficial interest in such shares or certificates.